SSC GD Constable Syllabus and Exam Pattern 2023-24

SSC GD Syllabus – SSC conducts an annual open examination for the recruitment of Constable (General Duty) in Border Security Force (BSF), Secretariat Security Force (SSF), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), National Investigation Agency (NIA), Indo Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) and Rifleman (General Duty) in Assam Rifles

SSC GD Syllabus and Exam Pattern 2023: Overview
Conducting Organisation Staff Selection Commission
Name of Post General Duty Constable
Selection Process
  1. Computer-Based Examination (CBE)
  2. Physical Efficiency Test (PET)
  3. Physical Standard Test (PST)
  4. Detailed Medical Examination (DME)
Mode of the Exam
  • CBE : Online Test
  • PET, PST & DME :  Offline Physical Test
Medium of Online Exam English & Hindi
Maximum Marks  100 marks
Duration of Online Exam 90 minutes
Type of Questions Objective type (MCQs)
Marking Scheme 1 Mark for each Correct Answer
Negative Marking 0.25 Negative Marking for Wrong Answers
SSC GD Constable Exam Pattern
The Candidates who want to take the SSC GD Exam must have proper knowledge of the recruitment process. To pass the exam with flying colours, candidates must be familiar with both the SSC GD exam pattern and the SSC GD syllabus. The SSC GD Constable recruitment comprises four stages –

  1. Compute-Based Examination (CBE)
  2. Physical Efficiency Test (PET)
  3. Physical Standard Test (PST)
  4. Detailed Medical Examination (DME)
It is to be noted that

  • Applications for the exam are usually accepted through online mode only from candidates across India.
  • English and Hindi are the only two languages used for the Computer Based Examination (CBE).
  • Four sections make up the exam, which has a total of 100 questions.
  • There is no negative marking for any incorrect answer in the online test of the General Duty exam.
  • For each incorrect response in the SSC GD online test, 0.25 of the score will be deducted.
  • The SSC GD Constable Tier I exam has a 90-minute time limit.
  • The level of the questions on the online test will be high school (10th).
Computer-Based Examination (CBE):
This is an online test comprising objective-type questions which are explained at length below under the syllabus section of the article. As per the SSC GD Exam Pattern, it comprises four sections :

  • General Intelligence and Reasoning
  • General Knowledge and General Awareness
  • Elementary Mathematics
  • English/ Hindi
    SSC GD Constable Exam 2023: Exam Pattern
    Segregation Section Name Total Questions Max. Marks Duration
    Part A General Intelligence and Reasoning 25 25 1.5 hours (Cumulative)
    Part B General Knowledge and General Awareness 25 25
    Part C Elementary Mathematics 25 25
    Part D English/ Hindi 25 25
    Total 100 100
Physical Efficiency Test (PET): 
Once candidates clear the CBE, they would be shortlisted to take the PET/ PST organised by the Commission. During PET/ PST, candidates who are found eligible on the basis of height parameters are permitted to undergo PET (race) which is followed by a biometric/ technology-aided identification test. The scrutiny of candidates’ eligibility for any relaxation in terms of age, height and chest measurement is done only after they qualify for the PET (race) before PST conducted by CAPFs PET/ PST Boards.Physical Efficiency Test (PET): The criteria to be followed for this test –

  • For Male candidates: Race 5 km in 24 minutes
  • For Female candidates: 1.6 km in 8 ½ minutes

For the Race test, the candidates of the Ladakh Region need to follow the below criteria –

  • Male: Race 1 Mile in 6 ½ minutes
  • Female: 800 metres in 4 minutes
  • Pregnant women are disqualified from taking this test.

Ex-Servicemen candidates shortlisted in the CBE need to appear in PET/PST stage for recording measurement of the chest, height and weight only. They are exempted from taking the PET. However, they need to qualify for the Detailed Medical Examination (DME).

Physical Standard Test (PST):  In this test, the physical standards of the candidates are being tested on the basis of three factors:

SSC GD Physical Test
Physical Standard Category Male (in cms) Female
Height General, SC & OBC 170 157
Chest General, SC & OBC 80/5
Weight Proportionate to height and age as per medical standards Proportionate to height and age as per medical standards
SSC GD Constable 2023: Syllabus
The SSC GD syllabus comprises a Computer Based Examination which includes an objective-type paper carrying 100 marks for 100 questions. The SSC GD Exam Syllabus is the same as that of the SSC GD Constable 2023 Syllabus. The SSC GD syllabus for the computer-based examination includes the following sections:

  • General Intelligence & Reasoning
  • General Knowledge and General Awareness
  • Elementary Mathematics
  • English/ Hindi
General Intelligence & Reasoning: 
This General Intelligence syllabus section mainly consists of both verbal and non-verbal types of reasoning questions. This test particularly includes questions that test the candidate’s analytical and logical reasoning skills and his/ her ability to observe and distinguish patterns through questions principally of non-verbal type. The list of topics under the General Intelligence & Reasoning syllabus are listed below:

  • Reasoning Analogies
  • Arithmetic Number Series
  • Arithmetical Reasoning
  • Coding-Decoding
  • Discrimination
  • Figural Classification
  • Non-verbal Series
  • Observation
  • Relationship Concepts – Blood Relations
  • Similarities and Differences
  • Spatial Orientation
  • Spatial Visualization
  • Visual Memory
General Knowledge and General Awareness:
The questions in this section aim at evaluating the candidate’s general awareness of day-to-day affairs and current affairs. These questions do not require the candidate to have special knowledge of any particular discipline. The questions in this component revolve around matters of everyday observations and test the candidate’s knowledge of the environment around him/ her and topics related to India and its neighbouring countries such as:

  • Art and Culture
  • Awards and Honours
  • Current affairs
  • Economics
  • General Polity
  • Geography
  • History and Polity
  • Indian Constitution
  • Important Dates and Days
  • Science and Development
  • Schemes launched by the Government
  • Sports
Elementary Mathematics:
This section primarily assesses the candidate’s knowledge of high-school-level mathematical problems. According to the SSC GD syllabus, the topics are given below:

  • Averages
  • Computation of Whole Numbers
  • Decimals and Fractions
  • Discount
  • Fundamental Arithmetical Operations
  • Interest
  • Mensuration
  • Problems related to the number
  • Number Systems
  • Percentages
  • Profit and Loss
  • Ratio and Proportion
  • Ratio and Time
  • Relationship between Numbers
  • Time and Distance
  • Time and Work
The questions in this section of the test the candidates’ ability to understand and analyse basic English/Hindi. In this section, their comprehension skills in the language are being tested. If candidates are taking the SSC GD exam in English, then this section will assess their ability to grasp and comprehend basic English along with grammar topics. And if they have opted for the Hindi language, then this section will be focused on Hindi grammar and comprehension. There are 25 questions carrying a maximum of 25 marks. The topic-wise lists of the SSC GD syllabus for English are given below:

  • Error Spotting
  • Fill in the blanks
  • Cloze Test
  • One Word Substitution
  • Phrase and idioms meaning
  • Spellings
  • Phrase Replacement
  • Synonyms & Antonyms
  • Reading comprehension

The topic wise lists of the SSC GD Syllabus for Hindi are given below:

  • संधि और संधि विच्छेद
  • उपसर्ग
  • प्रत्यय
  • वाक्यांश के लिए एक सार्थक शब्द
  • संज्ञा शब्दों से विशेषण बनाना
  • वाक्य-शुद्धि : अशुद्ध वाक्यों का शुद्धिकरण और वाक्यगत अशुद्धि का कारण
  • सरल, संयुक्त और मिश्र अंग्रेजी वाक्यों का हिंदी में रूपांतरण और हिंदी वाक्यों का अंग्रेजी में रूपांतरण
  • कार्यालयी पत्रों से संबंधित ज्ञान
  • मुहावरे और लोकोक्तियाँ
  • अनेकार्थक शब्द
  • पर्यायवाची शब्द
  • सामासिक पदों की रचना और समास विग्रह
  • विपरीतार्थक (विलोम) शब्द
  • वाच्य : कर्तृवाच्य, कर्मवाच्य और भाववाच्य प्रयोग
  • क्रिया : सकर्मक, अकर्मक और पूर्वकालिक क्रियाएँ
  • शब्द-शुद्धि : अशुद्ध शब्दों का शुद्धिकरण और शब्दगत अशुद्धि का कारण
  • अंग्रेजी के पारिभाषिक (तकनीकी) शब्दों के समानार्थक हिंदी शब्द
  • शब्द-युग्म
Topic Weightage in SSC GD Syllabus 2023
Sections Topics Weightage
General Knowledge and General Awareness Current AffairsStatic G.K 8-10 Questions13-15 Questions
English/ Hindi Error SpottingFill in the Blanks: Articles, Prepositions etc. Phrase replacements

Cloze test

Synonyms & Antonyms

Phrase and idioms meaning

One Word Substitution


Reading comprehension

3-5 Questions5 Questions

3 Questions

5 Questions

6 Questions

3-4 Questions

3-4 Questions

3-4 Questions

5 Questions

General Intelligence and Reasoning AnalogyCoding-Decoding



Order Ranking

Direction & Distances

Cloak & calendar

Alphabet or word test

Venn diagram


Blood relations

Non- verbal reasoning


Verbal reasoning

2-3 Questions2-3 Questions

1-2 Questions

1-2 Questions

2-3 Questions

1-2 Questions

0-1 Questions

2-3 Questions

2-3 Questions

2-3 Questions

1-2 Questions

2-3 Questions

1-2 Questions

1-2 Question

Quantitative Aptitude Mixture ProblemsRatio Proportions

Number Systems



Profit and Loss



Time and work

Speed, Time and Distance


Simple Interest

Data Interpretations

1-2 Questions2-3 Questions

1-2 Questions

3-4 Questions

4-5 Questions

4-5 Questions

1-2 Questions

1-2 Questions

1-2 Questions

1-2 Questions

1-2 Questions

2-3 Questions

4-5 Questions

SSC Constable GD Exam Book List
Section Name Book Name Author Name
General Intelligence and Reasoning Section A Modern Approach to Verbal and Non-Verbal Reasoning R.S. Aggarwal
General Intelligence and Test of Reasoning Vikas Experts
General Awareness and GK Section General Knowledge 2018: Latest Current Affairs & Who’s Who RPH Editorial Board
Manorama Yearbook 2018 Manorama
Elementary Mathematics Popular Arithmetic Multiple-Choice Questions RPH Editorial Board
Maths For SSC Constable Exam Ram Singh Yadav, Yajvender Yadav
English Language Objective General English R.S. Aggarwal
English Grammar Book Wren and Martin
Hindi Language Adhunik Hindi Vyakaran aur Rachna (Hindi) Dr Vashudevnandan Prasad
General Hindi and Concise Grammar – An Indispensable Guide for all Competitive Exams Dr Brij Kishore Prasad Singh

SSC Constable GD Preparation Tips

Aspirants should start their preparation at an early stage so that they can easily clear the different phases of the exam. It is imperative to have a concrete study plan in place to crack all the phases of SSC GD Constable Exam. This may be achieved by understanding in detail the SSC GD syllabus and exam pattern. A good study plan should have a proper strategy and a comprehensive timetable to cover all the sections of the exam effectively.

Candidates should remember that they can excel in a section only if they practise on a regular basis and develop a sound understanding of General Knowledge and Current Affairs topics by reading newspapers, journals, etc. To boost your General awareness preparation for the SSC GD exam please check the page of various Static GK topics.

It is also recommended for aspirants to practice SSC GD previous years’ papers to get a feel of the real test and understand the weightage of questions among the different sections. For the SSC GD Constable position, applicants should also be physically and medically fit to take the Physical Efficiency Test (PET) and Physical Standard Test (PST) conducted by the Commission.

Candidates can visit the SSC Mock Test page to get free mock tests for various SSC exams.

Are you looking for some guidance to prepare for the SSC Constable GD exam? You can go through BYJU’S study materials to expedite your preparation process. Watch out for this space for more useful content on SSC exams.

Important Links
SSC GD Constable Syllabus 2023 PDF Click Here
मेहनत इतनी खामोशी से करो कि, कामयाबी शोर मचा दे”..!!

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